A federal appeals court offered an unexpected rebuke to President Obama today, ruling that he violated the Constitution last year when he bypassed the Senate to fill a trio of vacancies on the National Labor Relations Board. The Associated Press with the details:
The unanimous decision is an embarrassing setback for the president, who made the appointments after Senate Republicans spent months blocking his choices for an agency they contended was biased in favor of unions. The ruling also throws into question Obama’s recess appointment of Richard Cordray to head the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Cordray’s appointment, also made under the recess circumstance, has been challenged in a separate case.
The Constitution allows the president to make such appointments without Senate approval when the chamber is not in session. Because of that, the White House contends that Obama followed the letter of the law because these particular appointments came while lawmakers were away from Washington during a 20-day holiday recess. The panel, however, didn’t buy that argument because of a procedural technicality employed by Republicans to prevent such recess appointments.
Basically, GOP lawmakers ensured that the Senate technically stayed in session despite the absence of nearly the entire upper chamber by quickly gaveling the body in and out every few days for what is known in Beltway-speak as "pro forma" sessions. While it was Republicans who were behind the the maneuver this time, Democrats have used the same trick in the past to handcuff Republican presidents as well.
Today’s decision, from a three-person panel made up entirely of judges appointed by past Republican presidents, would curtail the president’s ability to make recess appointments in the future because, under the court’s definition, the Senate is only in official recess during breaks between sessions of Congress.